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The endocrine system encompasses several glands in different parts of the body. These glands secrete directly into the bloodstream and affect various important functions. Hormones secreted by the endocrine glands work as chemical messengers of the body. The delicate balance of endocrine secretions can be disturbed by stress, infection as well as other factors.
Endocrine system disorders occur either due to too much or too little or sometimes no hormone. These disorders may lead to abnormal growth pattern, osteoporosis, diabetes, high cholesterol and triglyceride levels and thyroid malfunction. Endocrine system disorders include hyperthyroidism, hypercalcemia, growth hormone deficiency, Addison's disease, Cushing's Syndrome and hypothyroidism. Endocrine disorders can be triggered by tumors, steroid medications or autoimmune problems. A person suffering from a disorder caused by any of the malfunctioning endocrine glands may notice change in weight, change in libido, mood swings, increased fatigue and thirst or urination.
Endocrine disorders are caused due to malfunctioning endocrine glands. In some cases, the gland produces in excess while in others there is insufficient activity of the gland. Inadequate secretion of endocrine glands (hypofunction) can be attributed to malformations or disease or injury. Excessive production of hormones (hyperfunction) is usually caused by glandular tumors or auto immune reactions. Endocrine disorders are treated with hormone replacement in cases of inadequate production. In cases of excessive production of hormones, the abnormal gland tissues are removed.