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A presence of glucose in the urine, especially the excretion of an abnormally large amount of sugar (glucose) in the urine.
Organ or part of body involved: Pancreas
Causes and risk factors: There are quite a number of causes that give rise to glycosuria. The first, and by far the most serious, is diabetes mellitus, and when due to this cause it is generally permanent. Intermittent and paroxysmal glycosuria may arise from gout, the eruptive fevers, cholera, malaria, hepatic cirrhosis, and organic diseases of the nervous system, especially diseases of the medulla. Great mental emotion or shock may also be followed by glycosuria, as also may injuries of the brain. Pregnancy may be a cause. Gibier, of New York, has demonstrated on dogs, and proven that certain toxic drugs give rise to this condition; Morphia, atropia, chloral, hydrocyanic acid, and alcohol being a few of the many that produce such a result. Diseases of the pancreas may also give rise to it. Obesity may be responsible for temporary glycosuria, while the ingestion of large quantities of food rich in saccharine or starchy substances, and beer, give rise to what is known as dietetic glycosuria.